Palmer’s team faced a design challenge brought on by the area’s history of glacial formation. Moraines and outwash plains from melting glaciers characterized the lower elevations. Long ridges or “drumlins” characterized the higher. Numerous shallow and some deep drainage ways were in the intricate and rapidly changing relief throughout the site. Slopes as steep as 45% and sandy soils gave rise to extreme risks of erosion. The Palmer team’s solution begins in a sprawling meadow at the lowest elevation, climbs over several miles to the peak and returns to finish in the meadow. Along the way, carefully framed views of fescue filled meadows, hardwood forests, expansive ridges, sparkling ponds and the Manitou Passage await the golfer.